Coding and Documentation

ASRS keeps retina practices ahead of the curve by providing hands-on assistance and educational resources to members regarding:

  • Coding Resources
  • ICD-10 Coding
  • Reimbursement and Coverage Updates
  • Business of Retina
  • Medicare Audits

Coding Resources

Proper coding and claim submissions are key to your overall financial success.  ASRS provides retina-specific coding updates for members. Use ASRS resources to learn about coding changes and to assure you are properly accounting for the services you provide to patients.

Additional Resources

ICD-10 Coding

On October 1, 2016, ICD-10 codes went into effect. CMS continues to refine its national and local coverage determination guidance to incorporate new ICD-10 codes and remove duplicates. ASRS is actively monitoring changes and seeking technical corrections when necessary to ensure proper diagnoses codes are included for coverage.  

Reimbursement and Coverage Updates

As payors implement rigid payment rules, ASRS stands on the front line to protect patients and physicians from coverage policies that limit patient care. ASRS expert physician leaders and staff provide comments to CMS, Medicare Administrative Contractors (MACs), and private third-party payors to help shape policies.

If you want to be more involved in addressing coverage issues, or you have questions, concerns or challenges with reimbursement, please contact

Business of Retina

The Business of Retina meeting is a unique gathering of retina specialists and administrators of vitreoretinal practices designed to help them run successful practices in the increasingly complex medical environment. 

Sessions cover:

  • Information on emerging practice trends
  • Coding updates
  • Regulatory developments
  • Transformative business principles
  • Topics such as reimbursement, human resources, investments and more.
Recent Business of Retina Highlights

Join us for the 22nd Business of Retina Meeting! See details here >>

Medicare Audits

CMS recently announced that Medicare Administrative Contractors (MACs) will no longer randomly flag and challenge claims. Rather the MACs’ strategy will be more targeted, focusing only on providers/suppliers who have the highest claim error rates or billing practices that vary significantly from those of their peers. 

CMS’ newly refined "Targeted Probe and Educate" (TPE) program will involve 20 to 40 pre-pay claims followed by one-on-one, provider-specific education to address errors. Providers with high error rates after round two will continue to a third and final round of probe reviews and education. Providers/suppliers with continued high error rates after three rounds of TPE may be referred to CMS for additional action, which may include 100% pre-pay review, extrapolation, referral to a Recovery Auditor, or other action. 

In fall of 2017, MACs began to move toward a targeted audit strategy, but there are multiple Medicare payment review entities all with different audit approaches. The below chart provides a summary of their roles. 


Claim Selection

Volume of  Claims

Purpose of Review

Comprehensive Error Testing Rate (CERT)


Small (Approx. 50,000)

To measure incidence of improper payments

Medicare Administrative Contractors



20-40 cases x 3 rounds

(60-120 cases)

To prevent future improper payments

Recovery Audit Contractors



Variable based on number of claims with improper payments for this provider

To detect and correct past improper payments

Zone Program Integrity Contractor (ZPIC)


Variable based on number of potentially fraudulent claims submitted by provider

To identify potential fraud

Office of the Inspector General (OIG)


Varies based on the focus of the OIG audit

To identify fraud and improper payments

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