What is a Retina Specialist?

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A retina specialist is a medical doctor who has specialized in ophthalmology and sub-specialized in diseases and surgery of the vitreous body of the eye and the retina. This subspecialty is sometimes known as vitreoretinal medicine.

Retina specialists are highly trained.  They must complete medical school and specialized training in ophthalmology, as well as vitreoretinal training. This includes:

  • Medical school - 4 years
  • Internship - 1 year
  • Ophthalmology residency - 3 years
  • Retina-Vitreous fellowship - 1 or 2 years

What Does a Retina Specialist Do?

Retina specialists diagnose retinal and vitreous diseases through a detailed eye  examination using highly technical equipment and testing. They work in both hospitals and clinics treating a wide variety of eye conditions in both adults and children. 

Medical and surgical procedured used by retina specialists are exacting. Vitreoretinal surgeons work on very delicate tissue in incredibly small spaces of the eye cavity. Microscopes and laser are vital tools used by retina specialists for procedures in both the office and hospital settings. 

Retina specialists treat conditions ranging from age-related macular degeneration to retinal detachment and cancers of the eye. They also treat patients who have experienced severe eye trauma and consult on cases where there are hereditary diseases of the eye.


Common Conditions and Diseases Treated by Retina Specialists

Learn more about retinal conditions and diseases